What are the factors responsible for the disintegration of one social structure, like that of the medieval world, and the coming into being of another? Do human societies like the individuals who comprise them, grow old after a while and wary and finally disappear from the face of the earth? Are there an ebb and a flow in the affairs of men, a systole and diastole of human history? These too are problems of sociology.
But some day, if sociology, through its intimate analysis of the dynamics of society, can achieve some understanding of problems of this kind, and contribute to their resolution, it will fulfill its initial promise and its ultimate destiny.
In brief, as Samuel Koenig has pointed out the ultimate aim of sociology is “to improve man’s adjustment to life by developing objective knowledge concerning social phenomena which can be used to deal effectively with social problems.”