If education is held back, the subsequent teachers and admmistrators come from outside, introducing new sub-cultures which in turn will have economic and other consequences. If education advances speedily it will aid communication internally and externally, increase political activity and increase aspirations, making for instability and endangering progress in other sectors.
The maintenance of political stability is essential if modernization is to take place and in many territories going through the process the stability has been won at the price of free institutions.
Authoritarianism in developing countries may prove a passing phase, disappearing when modernization has reached a stage which allows freedom with stability. In many economically developed countries there are stable political systems embodying free institutions.
It, however, “remains to be seen whether these are the outcome of a unique combination of circumstances, or whether the social and political consequences of development, by their nature, tend in that direction.”