More public toilets should be built. The collection of garbage should be given to private agencies as in the West. Garbage bins should be kept at strategic points all over the city. The movement of animals like dogs and cattle on main roads should be restricted.
Local communities and NGOs should be actively involved in creating awareness for better sanitation. It was the poor sanitary conditions that led to the outbreak of the Great Plague in Europe, during the middle Ages.
In India, it is the lack of political will that stands in the way of cleaner roads and cities. We should learn from nations like Singapore and Japan how to keep our country spanking clean.